The Roman Aqueduct of Aquincum in Technological and Cultural Contexts

László Munteán

Abstract


This article explores the technological and cultural history of the Roman aqueduct of Aquincum in Budapest. The only one in the Roman province of Pannonia that was elevated to a continuous line of arches, this aqueduct conveyed water from its source in what is now Budapest’s third district to its final destination over three miles to the south, where a Roman military town was located. Apart from the aqueduct’s technological and archaeological aspects, this article also examines several cultural practices that it engendered including the ritualistic significance of the springs that fed it, its appearance as a ruin in various medieval documents, the transformation of its last, above-ground pier into a Christian shrine in the nineteenth century, as well as the relocation of two of its piers to give way to the construction of a road junction.


Keywords


Aquincum; aqueduct; archaeology; Budapest; Pannonia; Roman Empire; water technology

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/ahea.2021.424



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