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Author Guidelines


Book Review Guidelines
(see below)

Hungarian Cultural Studies is an online open-access journal. No money is made from subscriptions and authors are charged no page fees. Open access is associated with increased citations by a factor of two to four times for authors and journals when compared to similar work that is not open access.

Hungarian Cultural Studies both solicits contributions and accepts unsolicited submissions. Authors are invited to send preliminary abstracts or whole articles both the Editor ( and the Technical Editor ( for advise on readiness and appropriateness of the project for submissions. Articles formally submitted must be uploaded to the journal, preceded in the same document with, in this order, an approximately 200-word abstract, as well as a 100-200 word bio-blurb of the author, and a list of about five keywords/phrases. (Although we sometimes publish articles in Hungarian, all these additional materials must be in English.)

Articles, including Review Articles, should be written in English or Hungarian and are normally restricted to 4,000 to 7,000 words (excluding bibliography). Hungarian Cultural Studies also publishes shorter Research Notes, which are 2500-4,000 words, as well as reviews, which must be in English and normally between 1,000-2,000 words, and Book Notices, which are 750 words. (Longer articles are occasionally permitted, but only with specific approval from the Editors, when the topic merits longer length.)  Submissions should follow the guidelines outlined below, or they may be returned to the author for revision before they can be evaluated for content.

Submissions should be submitted according to the following slightly revised formal criteria of the MLA (see, keeping in mind the those guidelines particular to our journal, ie., where we do not follow the MLA guidelines. (When we do not follow the MLA Style, most notably in where to locate dates of publications, it is because our rule is more practical and easier to use for parenthetical citation, as well as more appropriate for the interdisciplinary nature of our journal.)

  1. All work needs to be submitted as a Word document in 12 point Times New Roman, single-spaced, aligned on the left only (that is, no right alignment is allowed).
  2. We strongly discourage metaphorical titles or subtitles, and urge authors to include important keywords in their titles.
  3. Authors should not include their affiliation after their name below the title since such information is given in the bioblurb.
  4. No double space between paragraphs should be used.  Please pay particular attention to this point because the double spacing is the default in many programs. It can be eliminated in Word under the section marked “Paragraph.”
  5. Any dedications or acknowledgments of parts of the research previously published should be cited in a first starred note (see examples in some past articles).
  6. Hungarian Cultural Studies uses a modified form of the MLA parenthetical style of citing sources, with works cited in an end bibliography.  The date of publication should always follow the author's name and this date should be used (rather than a short title, which is what is used in the MLA style) for parenthetical citing within the text.  A colon should separate the date from the page number (if there is one). Please be sure to consult articles in the recent issues for examples of how this citation should be done and for where references should be placed in a given sentence.
  7.  As per MLA guidelines, punctuation comes after the parenthetical reference, which itself comes after the quotation mark. For example: “Punctuation should follow the parenthetical reference” (Smith 2014: 34). No bibliographical footnotes are allowed. All bibliographical information should be in the end Bibliography.
  8.   The most important modification in HCS of the MLA style is that in the end bibliography the date follows the author’s name and is not at the very end, as in the MLA.  It is imperative to follow this ordering, which is also necessary to be able to use the date in the parenthetical citation, as described above.  
  9. Write out full name of authors, not initials only (as is done in some Social Science styles).
  10. In the bibliography do not use “University Press” but UP, and if there are several places of publication listed, cite only the first.  Even when a newspaper or journal is in an electronic database, the issue and volume numbers should be included and not merely the electronic address.
  11. See the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7TH ed) for further directions on how to cite audio and video podcasts, blogs, e-mails, etc., but always keeping in mind to put the date after the name of the author.
  12. Footnotes should be kept to a minimum (as a rule of thumb, no more than an average of one per page), and should only be used for complex citations (in particular for the citation of archival sources), or to provide additional references and/or supplemental information that might otherwise disrupt the flow of the text.
  13. Footnoted references to additional sources should be given in the parenthetical form (e.g., "see further Jones (1980), Smith (1990), Weber (2010)"), with the full bibliographical citation given in the Works Cited. Excessive use of footnotes will be flagged by our editors, and should be avoided.
  14. Paragraphs should be of approximate equal length and roughly about two per page. There should be no one-sentence paragraphs.
  15. Section subheadings should be kept to a bare minimum (a maximum of five in a 7,000 word paper). Any subheadings, which should, like titles, also not be metaphorical, should be in bold and capitalized like titles and start on left margin (that is, they should not be indented). Please leave a space between the subheading and the previous subsection, but no space between the subheading and the first paragraph of the new subsection.
  16. U.S. rather than British spelling should be used (e.g., labor, analyze).
  17. Capitalization and punctuation, including quotation marks, should follow English-language guidelines. For example, nationalities and days of the week should be capitalized; periods and commas are inside quotations (see guideline #3 above for the exception to this punctuation rule). Never use quotation marks below the line or sideways quotation marks, as is the default in European keyboards. (If you are using a European keyboard you must switch to an English-language keyboard to use correct quotation marks.) English-language book title are capitalized, as are titles of journals, which are treated as proper nouns (see also 21, below).
  18. Numbers should be written out when a part of speech (e.g., nineteenth-century history, thirty five verses).
  19. Give the full name of each person cited for the first time but subsequently use only the last name (unless there are authors with the same last name). When a parenthetical citation has three or fewer authors, list the authors’ last names with ‘and’ before the last author cited. When citing more than three authors, cite the first author’s name, followed by et al,
  20. All sentence-length citations not in the language of the article should be translated, with the translation first, followed by the original, as per MLA Guidelines. Likewise, longer passages in a foreign language, following MLA Guidelines, should be indented and should be preceded by the English translation. Such offset quotations are not enclosed in brackets.  On the other hand, individual words, expressions, or titles in a foreign language, located within the text, should be in italics, with no quotation marks, and should be followed by the translation placed in single quotes and within brackets:  napló [‘diary’], Erdélyi sors: tegnap, ma, holnap [‘Transylvanian Fate: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow’]. The reason for the difference in ordering is that a word within the text is easily read as part of that text while a long quotation needs to be read separately.
  21. In the Works Cited, all titles in Hungarian or another non-English language must include an English translation. Book and article titles translated by the author into English must be capitalized, even if they are not capitalized in the original language (see the example above).
  22. If a non-English language work you are referencing has already been translated and published in English, you normally have to quote from the existing translation, unless you have a specific reason to disagree with it. If you disagree with an existing translation, please state this in your analysis, and indicate who has provided the new translation.
  23. If no English translation of the source(s) you are using is available, please indicate who is responsible for the translation(s) you are providing (e.g., “all translations of X are by the author” or “unless otherwise noted, all translations are by the author”).
  24. It is the author’s responsibility to check that all sources cited in the article are also included in the Works Cited. Likewise, the Works Cited should only contain sources referenced in the article itself (either in the main text or in an informational footnote – see guideline #4).
  25. Before submitting your article be sure to resolve that all words, sentences, etc. underlined in waved lines in Word. Such lines generally indicate a wrong or missing word, missing punctuation, missing dashes in double adjectives, or other syntactical problems. Part of final proofreading by the author before submitting the article involves resolving such erroneous passages.

 See sample articles, beginning with the 2014 issue, for illustrations of the above guidelines. Where there is a discrepancy, or where further clarification is needed, please contact our Technical Editor (Maya Lo Bello) at

 LOV, MJLB February 2020


EDITOR: Ilana Rosen, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel (

Book reviews must be in English and normally between 1,000-2,000 words. All book reviews are commissioned.  A potential reviewer may propose a book review by sending a one-page proposal and a current CV to the book review editor via email, who will review the proposal in light of reviews already commissioned. All book reviews must be written in English but items to be reviewed can be in any language and reviews of Hungarian-language items are particularly encouraged.

The primary purpose of the book review section is to foster a respectful and rigorous scholarly dialogue. Reviews should be addressed to a broad readership of scholars from diverse disciplinary perspectives and who do not necessarily have knowledge of Hungarian. Reviewers have the responsibility to summarize authors’ arguments fairly and accurately, to locate books under review within a broad scholarly context, and to emphasize the theoretical and methodological implications of any given work for future research in Hungarian studies. While reviewers have the right to make normative judgments about books under review, personal attacks, ridicule, and distortion are not acceptable. The review should introduce the author and his/her significance for Hungarian Studies, or culture. In the case of the review of a literary work a short plot summary is welcome, to be followed by a discussion (not a thorough analysis) of the work's focal aspects, merits, innovation. It is recommended to include mention of characters, places, and atmosphere components, as well as quote text portions, and end by pointing at the meaning of the book for Hungarian Studies and culture. Reviews of academic studies should likewise place the author and work in their Hungarian Studies context, and then proceed to a critical discussion of the work's merits and innovation. In case of collections, it is generally better to outline the volume's thematic and theoretical structure and then it is permissible to choose only some articles for close discussion, particularly in the case of collections where only some articles deal with Hungarian issues.

Format for Reviews is as above for articles, except that no footnotes or end bibliography are used. However, references can be embedded in the text in parenthesis.  There are also no titles to reviews but the bibliographic entry for the book under review serves as the title, as in: Romsics, Ignác. From Dictatorship to Democracy: The Birth of the Third Hungarian Republic, 1988-2001. Translated by Matthew Caples. East European Monographs 722. Boulder, CO: Social Science Monographs, 2007. 471 pp., illus.

IR, January 2016


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term “Work” shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
  2. Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
  3. The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
    1. Attribution—other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;
    with the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.
  4. The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  5. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a prepublication manuscript (but not the Publisher’s final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
  6. Upon Publisher’s request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author’s own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
  7. The Author represents and warrants that:
    1. the Work is the Author’s original work;
    2. the Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
    3. the Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
    4. the Work has not previously been published;
    5. the Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
    6. the Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
  8. The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author’s breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 6 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher’s use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.

Revised 7/16/2018. Revision Description: Removed outdated link. 


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